News Hack: BRIC (金磚四國) Countries

Using the term ‘BRIC‘ is now commonplace when describing the four up-and-coming economic powers: Brazil, Russia, India and China. The countries met for the second official summit on the 16th of April 2010 to discuss their economic future, more specifally ways to reduce reliance on the American Dollar.

So what words will you need to know to make reading about the BRIC countries in the news easier? The following words are taken from this news article.

金磚四國(金砖四国)

Pinyin: jīn zhuān sì guó
Zhuyin: ㄐㄧㄣ ㄓㄨㄢ ㄙˋ ㄍㄨㄛˊ
English: BRIC Countries (金磚 = Gold bullion)

高峰會(高峰会)

Pinyin: gāo fēng huì
Zhuyin: ㄍㄠ ㄈㄥ ㄏㄨㄟˋ
English: a summit meeting

巴西、俄羅斯、印度與中國這「金磚四國」(BRIC)的領袖,本周將在巴西首都巴西利亞召開高峰會
巴西、俄罗斯、印度与中国这“金砖四国”(BRIC)的领袖,本周将在巴西首都巴西利亚召开高峰会
The leaders of Brazil, Russia, India and China (BRIC Countries) met this week for a summit meeting in the Brazilian capital of Brasilia

東南亞國協(东南亚国协)

Pinyin: dōng nán yà guó xié
Zhuyin: ㄉㄨㄥ ㄋㄢˊ ㄧㄚˋ ㄍㄨㄛˊ ㄒㄧㄝˊ
English: ASEAN (Association of South-East Asian Nations)

中國已從去年7月開始在上海以及廣東四個城市開辦人民幣貿易,可以讓企業用人民幣清算對香港、澳門以及東南亞國協(ASEAN)的貿易交易
中国已从去年7月开始在上海以及广东四个城市开办人民币贸易,可以让企业用人民币清算对香港、澳门以及东南亚国协(ASEAN)的贸易交易

On the 7th of July, China began allowing Shanghai and 4 other cities to conduct business with Hong Kong, Macau and other ASEAN countries using Chinese Yuan.

八大工業國集團(八大工业国集团)

Pinyin: bā dà gōng yè guó jí tuán
Zhuyin: ㄅㄚ ㄉㄚˋ ㄍㄨㄥ ㄧㄝˋ ㄍㄨㄛˊ ㄐㄧˊ ㄊㄨㄢˊ
English: G8 (Group of 8)

儘管金磚四國峰會明言並不打算挑戰八大工業國集團(G8)的地位,金磚四國的政策影響力卻是與日俱增。
尽管金砖四国峰会明言并不打算挑战八大工业国集团(G8)的地位,金砖四国的政策影响力却是与日俱增。

Despite stating that the BRIC summit does not plan on challenging the position (importance) of the G8, the influence of the BRIC countries is steadily increasing

貨幣(货币)

Pinyin: huò bì
Zhuyin: ㄏㄨㄛˋ ㄅㄧˋ
English: currency

多元化(多元化)

Pinyin: duō yuán huà
Zhuyin: ㄉㄨㄛ  ㄩㄢˊ ㄏㄨㄚˋ
English: to diversify, diversification

金融(金融)

Pinyin: jīn róng
Zhuyin: ㄐㄧㄣ ㄖㄨㄥˊ
English: Finance

發言權(发言权)

Pinyin: fā yán quán
Zhuyin: ㄈㄚ ㄧㄢˊ ㄑㄩㄢˊ
English: the right to speak, a voice

上次金磚四國峰會去年6月在俄國葉卡捷琳堡舉行,當時的會後聲明呼籲全球貨幣體制多元化,讓新興國家在國際金融組織中擁有更大的發言權
上次金砖四国峰会去年6月在俄国叶卡捷琳堡举行,当时的会后声明呼吁全球货币体制多元化,让新兴国家在国际金融组织中拥有更大的发言权

The last BRIC summit was held in Yekaterinburg, Russia, in June of last year, at that time there were calls for the diversification of the world currency system, to allow developing nations a bigger voice in international finance organisations

特別提款權(特别提款权)

Pinyin: tè bié tí kuǎn quán
Zhuyin: ㄊㄜˋ ㄅㄧㄝˊ ㄊㄧˊ ㄎㄨㄢˇ ㄑㄩㄢˊ
English: SDR (Special Drawing Rights), a world currency proposed by the IMF

德沃可維奇表示,金磚四國元首也將討論採用國際貨幣基金(IMF)的特別提款權(SDR )作為貿易貨幣。
德沃可维奇表示,金砖四国元首也将讨论采用国际货币基金(IMF)的特别提款权(SDR )作为贸易货币。

Arkady Dvorkovich (Russian President’s economic advisor) stated that BRIC countries shall discuss the use of the IMF’s SDR as a trade currency.

規模(规模)

Pinyin: guī mó
Zhuyin: ㄍㄨㄟ ㄇㄛˊ
English: a scale

金磚四國總人口數占全球40%,經濟規模是全球的20%。
金砖四国总人口数占全球40%,经济规模是全球的20%

The population of the BRIC countries stands at 40% of the world population, with the economic scale being 20% of the world’s total.

市場(市场)

Pinyin: shì chǎng
Zhuyin: ㄕˋ ㄔㄤˇ
English: market

匯率(汇率)

Pinyin: huì lǜ
Zhuyin: ㄏㄨㄟˋ ㄌㄩˋ
English: exchange rate

升值(升值)

Pinyin: shēng zhí
Zhuyin: ㄕㄥ ㄓˊ
English: to increase in value, to appreciate

市場正密切注意中國政府何時會擴大人民幣匯率的波動區間,讓人民幣可以開始對美元升值
市场正密切注意中国政府何时会扩大人民币汇率的波动区间,让人民币可以开始对美元升值

The market is paying close attention to when China will increase the exchange rate of the Yuan, allowing it to appreciate against the American Dollar.

If you made it this far you really must be interested in this kind of news, either that or your Chinese is really good 🙂

Did we miss anything you think is important? Let us know below:

  • Woah those are some really technical terms. Makes me kinda scared if someone asks you translate such kinda documents.

  • Yeah, I’m using the opportunity to practice translationing. If you do any translating (I know you mentioned in Twitter you were starting) you’ll find that not every word translates properly, or even needs to be translated. You have to find the meaning of the sentence and refactor it keeping the main points, It’s a fun exercise.